Selangor and Perak three years later, with an eye on the two by-elections

 

After three years it is clear that Selangor is performing far better than Perak despite having an acrimonious mentri besar change in the period and an uncertain coalition cobbled together and ambling along.

Perak pledged 82 items, while Selangor with 54 items as manifesto to win the 2013 state election. However an examination of the pledges show that Perak had a litany of low hanging fruits which were never at risk of being completed, and when compared with Selangor appear to fixing the game to look good without providing considerable benefit.

For example Perak’s monthly allocation of free water (20 cubic metres) is for the poor only without stipulating who falls under this category. While Selangor (not part of its 2013 pledges) offers free water (20 cubic metres) to all state homes without exception.

While pundits are mixed about giving free water, and that will remain debatable, but what Selangor pledged in 2008 can be means tested, while Perak sets itself up in a way it has wriggle room.

The scores for each item is based on weighted average of state government’s assessment (50%), state opposition’s assessment (20%) and three stakeholders relevant to the pledge’s assessment (30%).

However, if KUASA can verify adequate rate of completion, then the item gets a 100% score without the need to factor state, opposition or stakeholders. (For example, RM500 for newly-weds in Selangor)

Note: Perak government has refused to participate three years in a row, and Selangor state opposition assemblymen chose not to participate (including the candidate for Sungai Besar and present assemblyman for Sungai Panjang, Budiman Mohd Zohdi).

Because of the many 100% scored by Perak through independent verification by KUASA, Perak scores 61%, which Selangor is ahead at 72%.

However to provide better and meaningful insight, KUASA further analysed only the top blue ribbon pledges (ones that are challenging and can be measured) for both states, and found that Perak had 21 and Selangor 22. When evaluating them, the average for completion for Selangor was 73% and Perak 31%. It appears when those promises which are substantial and matter considerably to residents of the states, Selangor performs much better than Perak.

Selangor

Selangor Scores for Blue Ribbon Promises

Section

Promise

Percentage of achievement

Public policy

Gradual implementation of policies to elect local government.

39

Development

Approve the construction of an Integrated Islamic Complex which includes a mosque, education and community centre.

20

Development

Build an integrated Public Transport Terminal in Shah Alam, the state capital.

39

Development

Ensure the implementation of the Third Bridge project worth RM300 million across the Klang River.

100

Education

Provide allowances to ensure employees of religious schools earn a minimum of RM1, 500 per month and increase teaching activities to commensurate with the salary.

100

Education

To provide an additional RM2 million a year to Primary and Secondary Vernacular schools.

100

Entrepreneur & Innovation

Allocate RM50 million for Tabung Pemberdayaan Wanita Selangor with the aim of providing better infrastructure to improve the quality of women's lives in terms of finances, quality of life and safety.

74

Entrepreneur & Innovation

Establishment of Perbadanan Keusahawanan Negeri Selangor to create an environment conducive for education and training.

52

Facilities

Construction of cultural centre's on the banks of the Klang River for Malay, Indian and Chinese communities in Klang with state and private funding.

14

Facilities

Providing free and user-friendly public transport, including buses, Shah Alam, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, Klang and Kajang.

100

Facilities

Ensure that all government buildings have nursery and kindergarten facilities within 5 years.

59

Facilities

To ensure that all public facilities and places of worship are user-friendly for people with disabilities.

53

Healthcare

Establish the Tabung Dialisis Rakyat Selangor (Selangor State Dialysis Fund) of RM10 million for the building and subsidised treatment.

71

Healthcare

Continuing the existing provision of free mammogram screening

100

Healthcare

Free cancer screenings for breast and uterine cancer for women 

80

Healthcare

Provide free screenings for prostate and testicular cancer among men

45

Housing & Security

Creating Skim Perumahan Rakyat for buyers who face difficulties in obtaining loans from financial institution with a proposed allocation of RM250 million or RM50 million a year.

90

Housing & Security

Build Rumah Mampu Milik with a minimum area of ​​800 square feet, priced below RM150,000 per unit.

79

Housing & Security

Allocate RM100 million to Lembaga Perumahan dan Hartanah to formulate policies aimed at housing as a whole, particularly for the provision of quality affordable housing as well as manage other housing projects which prioritise the purchasing ability of the people.

100

Technology & Environmental

Strict enforcement of legislation related to hillside development.

81

Welfare

RM500 cash assistance to couples for first marriage - Selangor born or Selangor long term resident one of the spouses.

100

Welfare

Continue the Mesra Usia Emas scheme

100

Blue Ribbon Average

73

 

General observations for Selangor:

Three pledges, the multi-cultural centre, integrated mosque and transport terminal have come unhinged over the last three years and Selangor should own up to them being discarded.

The initial free bus in five towns has grown beyond its brief and now there are buses even for areas like Banting-Kota Warisan. Selangor intends to increase free public transportation to beyond the towns and into the state’s rural heartland.

The Third Bridge in Klang is almost completed and will be operational at the end of the year.

The laudable free breast cancer service continues but the state still has not initiated cervical cancer and male testicular/prostate cancer checks. These will have high impact in a state struggling with failing health among its population.

The affordable housing project is ongoing, with presentation of all projects, access to register and track the process, along with substantial funding from the state (RM100 million) to the housing board, which has resulted in the programme actually progressing even if the prices of the homes have been slightly above the promised amounts.

Perak

Perak Scores for Blue Ribbon Promises

Section

Promise

Percentage of achievement

Public Policy

RM 3 million additional allocation of State Government funding for activities of indigenous communities.

100

Public Policy

Increase Non-Bumiputera participation in tthe State Civil Service to improve the diversity in the state delivery system

22

Economy

Developing the hubs of high-tech industry business in the triangular growth area in the middle of Perak between the North-South-West Coast Highway Ipoh-Lumut Highway.

22

Economy

Increasing efforts to attract foreign and local investment into new industries in the state.

30

Economy

To create the Pangkor duty free zone

10

Economy

Developing SMEs in downstream and upstream industries in association with high value investments in the state under the concept of Corporate SME Development (CSMED).

28

Economy

Rebuilding small towns as centres of local economy.

28

Economy

Special Economic Zone covering Kamunting, Kampar, Pantai Remis, Teluk Intan-Bagan Datok and Lekir-Pasir Panjang.

28

Economy

To create 50,000 jobs

26

Forest & Environmental

Waste disposal management in a systematic, integrated and environmentally friendly manner

28

Forest & Environmental

Offer incentives to industries and businesses that conduct environmental conservation programmes

4

Forest & Environmental

Conservation and gazetting of forest areas

16

3Facilities

Upgrade Bas Rakyat services in each district

40

Facilities

Increase the efficiency of town councils and district councils in regards to: • waste management, drain cleaning, grass-cutting and road resurfacing • streetlights maintenance

51

Security

To initiate a localised Call and Action centre to deal with security and safety issues.

58

Education

Student Excellence Programme which includes online tuition and mind mapping

54

Agriculture & Industry

An automative city in Tanjung Malim

26

Housing

20 000 public housing units to be constructed, towards achieving zero squatter status

28

Housing

7,000 housing lots for police and army retirees

17

Housing

Rebuilding and upgrading of dilapidated flats in the major cities

18

Technology

Encouraging the use of green technology and renewable energy

14

Blue Ribbon Average

31

 

General observations for Perak:

To be fair to Perak, the state budget is considerably smaller than Selangor but the state shares power with the federal government and should be able to utilise federal mechanisms and funding to achieve state goals.

It is failing in its economy thrust when it comes to pledges. The high-tech hubs, SME assistance and developing the five economic zones for example has been muted. The state government does not shed much light to the matter except mentioning that progress will arrive.

The by-elections

KUALA KANGSAR: The BN candidate Mastura Mohd Yazid said she had five commitments:

  • Upgrade Kolej University Islam Sultan Azlan Shah to a public university
  • Speed up approval for the Manong bridge
  • Submit an application to expand Jalan Manong-Kuala Kangsar;
  • Upgrade the Kuala Kangsar Hospital to a specialist hospital
  • Develop Sungai Perak as a tourism hub.

It is important to note that four of the latter promises are unspecific and appear put together by threading all the incoming changes in Kuala Kangsar regardless of the election outcome. 

KUASA would like to point out its disappointment that the candidate hijacks one of the 82 promises by the Perak government in 2013, to promote the status of Kolej University Islam Sultan Azlan Shah. For three years neither Perak government nor the administration of the college were able to tell what was transpiring with the promise, and out of the blue Mastura promises the same promise by the state government and Prime Minister Najib Razak announces within 48 hours on June 10, that the college has been promoted to a university with immediate effect.

Does this mean it is an achievement for the Perak government since they allegedly have been working for it for three year, or can Mastura claim credit wholly for it and suggest that Perak state government has not been doing its job.

Or can both Perak state government and Mastura both claim credit for the rushed decision by the federal government?

Second, KUASA is glad with the RM49 million allocated for flood mitigation — broke to the Siput Chandan Flood Mitigation Plan (RTB) (RM12 million), Kuala Kangsar Municipal Irrigation System (RM30 million) and the Sungai Perak Corridor Rehabilitation (RM7.5 million).

This is a clear gain from the by-election for the people following flooding in late 2014 and early 2015 which left much of Kuala Kangsar inundated by water for weeks.

The goodies will likely result in the BN candidate winning, especially with no real policy from either PAS or Amanah candidate.

Sungai Besar: While everyone is discussing the vote split by PAS and Amanah, it is important to note that pro “Not-BN” sentiments are high in the state of Selangor, and the positive track record by eight years of Pakatan cannot be immediately undone. Half of Sungai Besar is Sekinchan, and the assemblyman Ng Suee Lim has bolstered support since his initial win in 2008. The township is vibrant and development has not been neglected in that and BN candidate Budiman’s Sungai Panjang.

The goodies effect from the federal government is far less compelling when the region is not economically starving.

If this was a straight fight the BN candidate will be struggling as Umno’s fortune in the state has been dwindling. KUASA expects a stronger than expected performance from the two non-BN candidates, and the BN candidate if he were to win might come in with 45% or less of the votes.

KUASA believes the state’s track record is a bigger effect than seen by others.

Praba Ganesan

Chief Executive

KUASA

 

 

Release Date: 
Tuesday, June 14, 2016